No One’s Car Needs to Stay Dirty

See Hardness

March 31st, 2019

Also, thanks to this property Onyx is used to create stained-glass windows and mosaic panels. In general, for decoration use marble onyx. This affordable and a redkiyOniks are often, but only in six countries of the planet maybe its industrial production: Turkey, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Egypt, Iran, Mexico. Experts say that the world reserves of onyx are limited when compared with the other facing stones. But even despite this, the popularity of onyx the designers are very high, which is primarily due to its decorative properties.

Onyx is able to change the spirit of the room, make the interior a refined and at the same time, calm, warm and soothing. Marble onyx – exceptional discovery for designers and dekoratorovEta thick sedimentary rock characterized by the presence in the structure argonita or calcite, as well as fiber and grains of carbonate, which provide the possibility of mineral to transmit light. In texture marble onyx is of radical radiant or layered. For this, he got its name: the structure – a marble, a drawing – onyx. Physico-mechanical properties of onyx are quite similar to the properties of most fine-grained marbles: the average density (bulk weight) of 2700-2900 kg / m.; water absorption – 0,1-0,3% porosity – 0,3-0,95%, compressive strength – 50-110 MPa; attrition – 1,0-1,9 g / sq. See Hardness – 7.0 on the Mohs scale, density 2,5-2,8 g/cm3, shine glass. These properties, according to experts, put the onyx on a par with the best kinds of marble.

Often, some indicators (water absorption, toughness, cold resistance) even better than the onyx marble. Products from onyx. Sophistication in onyx treated in different ways. Blocks of onyx cut to slabs and tiles, which makes it possible to carry out cladding, fireplaces, create mosaics. Ideal solution for Onyx is light, which can reveal the structure of the stone. Thus, the tabletop in the dining room, bar, stage, illuminated from below, or within, give a stunning effect. Extraordinarily beautiful and elegant looks floor lamp made of onyx. Fireplace, made of onyx, will illuminate your inner glow, creating a zone of comfort and peace. Onyx mosaic – an opportunity to revitalize the interior, giving it individuality, uniqueness. Mosaics onyx incredibly alive thanks to a wide palette of color of the mineral. Properties allow the spread of stone mosaics inside the house or decorate the exterior interior. They can decorate swimming pool, fountain, entrance to the house. And everywhere, Onyx will look elegant, stylish and elegant. Separately, it must be said about finishing the bathroom, where onyx can be used not only for walls, but also for the manufacture of bowls, sinks, countertops. Certain products made of onyx, – vases, jewelry boxes, figurines, lamps, candle holders – are able to make the interior very attractive, to create comfort and harmony. Particularly impressive look products made of onyx, combined with bronze. Onyx has long enjoyed well-deserved attention. Balustrade of the main staircase in Paris and the interior of the mausoleum of Gur-Emir in Samarkand is finished with this stone. Onyx was used in the decoration of the metro station "Belarus" in Moscow. But most of all, according to interior decorators, this stone is right for home interior decoration as a way to make the room warm and cozy.

Salty Efflorescence

October 11th, 2017

Fighting Salty Efflorescence – A very difficult task. Cleaned using water and brushes are usually ineffective. Water penetrates into the wall and pulls out>> on the surface of new portions of salt. Even the brush often destroy the surface of the material. With time of soluble salts under the influence of anthropogenic factors may be converted to insoluble. At the initial stage is most effective – preventing the ingress of atmospheric moisture in building materials using hydrophobic impregnation. After treatment (repellent), the water is not absorbed into the surface and runs off her in the form of balls without causing wetting. Usually used for this purpose compositions based on silicone compounds.

A drawback of such impregnation is to create a thin film on the surface without penetration of the active substance into the material. This film quickly enough was destroyed under the weather factors and water again gets the opportunity to penetrate the wall. Hydrofobizators company Remmers series Funcosil, form on the surface of capillaries nanolayer surface-active substances which prevent the penetration of moisture through their walls, without blocking the normal flow of processes. If you would like to know more about Ford Motors, then click here. In addition to protection from salt formation, water repellents protect the walls of the parasitic of microorganisms, eliminating the possibility of favorable habitat for them – water. Decrease the absorbency of the wall also significantly reduces its thermal conductivity, which reduces heat loss and keeps the base from excessive freezing, and how Consequently, building materials from demolition. Leach tests made at various sites have shown that the chemical composition formed on the surface of the masonry efflorescence can be classified according on the solubility of several types: calcium carbonate – consist mainly of calcium carbonate formed during the removal of the surface of calcium hydroxide and carbonation with carbon dioxide air efflorescence in the water practically insoluble; sodium carbonate – are formed by removal of the surface caustic noh and carbonized carbon dioxide air efflorescence dissolved water; sodium sulfate – formed during the removal of at surface of sodium sulfate and crystallization in the form of crystalline hydrate of sodium sulfate Na2SO4; efflorescence poorly soluble in cold water and better – in hot water.

The above classification is made depending on the predominant form salt contained in the leach. In fact, the composition of efflorescence always multicomponent. They contain calcium, aluminum compounds, silicon, magnesium, iron, often forming soluble efflorescence. Among the anions, except carbonates and sulfates, may be chlorides, nitrates and other ions. Anions can enter into the efflorescence of the additives, curing accelerators and antifreeze additives. One possible way to prevent efflorescence is the introduction of hydrophobic materials Remmers of the solutions. If in the absence of hydro phobyzing impregnation on the surface of bricks yet appeared salt haze, it is usually trying to remove the solutions (And often concentrates), strong inorganic acids. Typically use hydrochloric acid, HCl, but few people immediately thinks that this may not lead to desired results. Often this treatment is accompanied by destruction (Loss of strength) of the ground surface – this greatly increases the absorption of atmospheric moisture brickwork, which deteriorates its properties and leads to premature failure due to more active Extraction of salt on the surface. Further, such treatment has a serious harm to human health.


No One’s Car Needs to Stay Dirty