December 6th, 2018
Astronomer Roger Ancel '(Roger Ancel) offers a place around the Earth millions of lenses with a diameter of 60 cm and weighing a few grams, which will be able to reflect the sun's rays. This will lead to a decrease in solar radiation. Must note that the reduction of sunlight at 1.6% offset by the increase of temperature on the 1.75 Kelvin (3 degrees Fahrenheit). An effect that has on the temperature of light scattering is observed, for example, volcanic eruptions, when the atmosphere gets a huge mass of particles, and as a result of temperature drops. Global warming, the temperature increase on Earth, an illustration of nasa.gov Another similar idea (the article in the journal Acta Astronautica) assumed create a ring around the Earth of small particles or spacecrafts, which can obscure the tropics and thus mitigate climate. Reflecting particles can come from mining on Earth, the Moon or asteroids. The costs of these Projects may be unfeasible: $ 500 billion when placing the spacecraft and from 6 to 200 trillion dollars in the case of the particles.
Broker climatologist Wallace (Wallace Broker) offers dissipate in the stratosphere at altitudes above 15 km at using balloons and aircraft sulfur particles, which hold out at this level a year or two. This project is to spray sulfur is estimated at 50 billion dollars. It is also proposed to produce salt pairs with special devices that will pick up sea water and turn it into a very real clouds, saturated sodium chloride. Gunnar Peterson: the source for more info. Have an idea to build in the maritime zones of floating artificial islands with white reflective surface or coating plastic materials (the same white color), some desert areas to reflect solar radiation penetrating the Earth. Proposal for dispersal over the ocean of substances that promote growth of algae, absorbing large amounts of carbon dioxide, is already being implemented in some regions of Antarctica. Renowned British astrophysicist Stephen Hawking (Stephen Hawking) believes that the survival of the human race depends on its ability to find new homes elsewhere in the universe, because the risk of destruction of living beings as a result of global warming is increasing rapidly. He believed that people could have a permanent base on the moon in 20 years and a colony on Mars in the next four decades.
March 23rd, 2015
Since the early 90-ies in the scientific community that studies environmental issues, began to spread a new concept – the concept of health protection. The problem of health protection is very important for the country's economy. As assess the health of complex ecosystems, flora and fauna, and communication within the environment. Evaluation is difficult even for biologists? It is obvious that to solve even a small portion of these serious issues must be participation of each subject of the federation, each, even a small production, and, of course, large industrial enterprises, affecting the health of the environment for managerial decision making is important implement job evaluation method of environmental health in the overall system for environmental monitoring. This work can and should be carried out in several stages.
The first stage of works on this principle should be the assessment of the impact of an enterprise or production environment: soil, water, air. Consequently, each company must have the documents, normalizing and taking into account the estimate impact on the environment. Examples of these basic instruments include environmental projects: Draft standards for waste and limits on their placing DWGNDL; Project allowable emissions MPE; Project Protection Zone spz. Every enterprise, based on existing and operating in the Russian Federation legislation, should have such projects and to implement measures to improve the environment. For example, one of the principles of Environment is the prohibition of projects that may lead to degradation of natural ecological systems change and (or) destruction of the genetic pool of plants, animals or other organisms, depletion of natural resources and other negative changes in the environment (Article 3 of the Federal Law on Environmental Protection).
Developed on the basis of the company dwgndl issues for existing facilities standards for waste and limits on their placing. Based on the draft vat calculated the allowed amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere at the company. Draft Protection Zone (SPZ) developed on the basis of health regulations and establish hygienic requirements to the size of protective buffer zones, depending on the sanitary classification of enterprises, buildings and other facilities, the requirements for their organization and improvement, the reasons for the revision of these dimensions. All the above listed environmental projects (DWGNDL, mpe, SPZ) must be the conclusion of sanitary-hygienic expertise to each project to for compliance with existing hygienic requirements. All environmental projects developed in our organization conform to existing health standards. In addition, we undertake technical support of the developed design documentation and its approval to the inspecting authorities.