(Redirected from Lausanne Conference (1922-1923))
The Treaty of Lausanne (French: Lausanne) was a peace treaty that established the boundaries of modern Turkey. Was signed in the Swiss city of Lausanne on July 24, 1923 between the governments of Greece, Turkey and the nations allied in the First World War.
The Treaty of Lausanne treaty invalid Sevres, signed by the Ottoman Empire after WWI, but were not accepted by the new Turkish state founded by Kemal Ataturk after the Turkish War of Independence. On October 20, 1922 began the peace conference that was interrupted after intensive discussions on February 4, 1923 and returned April 23 of that year. The final text was signed on July 24 after eight months of deliberations.
The main signatories were ‘Smet’ nona by the Turkish side by Eleftherios Venizelos and the Greek side. The treaty gave the Turkish eastern Thrace, the islands of Imbros and Tenedos in the northeastern Aegean, and ensure protection of the Greek minority in Turkey and Turks in Greece respectively. However, according to the agreement called for the exchange of the majority population of the Greek population of Turkey was moved to Greece in the same way that an important part of the Turkish population in Western Thrace was transferred to Turkey. In total it is estimated that approximately 1,650,000 Greeks were displaced from their homes in Anatolia to Greece and 670,000 Turks were transferred to Turkey. Apart from the Greek minority in Istanbul (125,000 Greeks) and the Greek inhabitants of the islands of Imbros and Tenedos. 110,000 Turks in Greece remained primarily in Western Thrace. The Republic of Turkey also recognized the British mandate over the island of Cyprus
Mediterranean Cookery: Egypt, Turkey, Morocco and Greece ~ Claudia Roden (VHS Tape – Jun 1, 1994)